Dementia | ICHOM – International Consortium for Health Outcomes Measurement


The ICHOM Standard Set for Dementia is the result of hard work by a group of leading physicians, measurement experts and patients. It is our recommendation of the outcomes that matter most to persons with Dementia. We urge all providers around the world to start measuring these outcomes to better understand how to improve the lives of their patients.

1 Includes anxiety, depression, behavior, apathy, and psychosis. Tracked via the Neuropsychiatric Inventory (NPI).
2 Includes memory, orientation, verbal fluency, and executive function. Tracked via the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA).
3 Includes community affairs and relationships.
4 Includes instrumental and basic activities of daily living. Tracked via the Bristol Activity Daily Living Scale (BADLS).
5 Includes finance, enjoyment of activities, pain, and side effects of medication. Tracked via the Quality of Life-AD (QOL-AD) and Quality of Wellbeing Scale-Self Administered (QWB-SA).
6 Tracked via the EuroQol-5D (EQ-5D).
7 Tracked via the Clinical Dementia Rating (CDR).

© 2016 ICHOM. All rights reserved. When using this set of outcomes, or quoting therefrom, in any way, we solely require that you always make a reference to ICHOM as the source so that this organization can continue its work to define more standard outcome sets.

Team that developed this standard


Jan Sansoni | Australian Health Services Research Institute; University of Wollongong
Kate Swaffer* | Dementia Alliance - International and University of Wollongong


Philippe Robert | Nice Memory Centre for Care and Research; Cognition, Behavior and Technology Unit; University of Nice


Helen Rochford-Brennan*


Kentaro Horibe | National Center for Geriatrics and Gerontology


Mariella Guerra | Instituto de la Memoria

South Korea

Ki-Woong Kim | National Institute of Dementia


Maria Eriksdotter | Karolinska Institute; Swedish Dementia Registry (SveDem)
Miia Kivipelto | Karolinska Institute


Norman Sartorius | Association for the Improvement of Mental Health

United Kingdom

Beth Britton**
Alistair Burns | NHS England; Manchester Mental Health and Social Care Trust
Geoff Huggins | Scottish Government
Vicky Leah | University College Hospital - NHS Foundation Trust
Gary Morrison | Mental Welfare - Commission for Scotland
Ann Netten | University of Kent
Keith Oliver***
Emma Revnish | Stirling University
Robert Woods | Bangor University

United States

Soo Borson | University of Washington - Schools of Medicine and Nursing
Laura Gitlin | Johns Hopkins Center for Innovative Care in Aging
Nancy Hodgson | Johns Hopkins School of Nursing

*Person with dementia
**Former carer, dementia campaigner and policy consultant
***Person with demetia, with Rosemary Oliver | Keith’s wife and Carer - Jess Amos & Ingrid Tamuyeye | Keith’s Supporters and University of Kent Psychology Students

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Reference Guide

A complete overview of the ICHOM Standard Set, including definitions for each measure and selected PROM instruments, time points for collection, and associated risk factors is available here:

Version 1.0.1: April 3rd, 2017

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March 3, 2015