The ICHOM Standard Set for Low Back Pain is the result of hard work by a group of leading physicians, measurement experts and patients. It includes the outcomes that matter most to patients with low back pain. We urge all providers around the world to start measuring these outcomes to better understand how to improve the lives of their patients.


1 Includes operative mortality, nerve root injury including cauda equina, deep wound infection, pulmonary
embolus, wrong site procedure, vascular injury, dural tear, other, and need for rehospitalisation.

2 Tracked via the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI)
3 Tracked via the Numeric Pain Rating Scale (NPRS)
4 Tracked via the EuroQol-5D (EQ-5D)

© 2013 ICHOM. All rights reserved. When using this set of outcomes, or quoting therefrom, in any way, we solely require that you always make a reference to ICHOM as the source so that this organization can continue its work to define more standard outcome sets.

Team that developed this standard


Beth Morrison | Newro Foundation
Michelle Davies* | St. Paul's School
Richard Kahler | BrizBrain and Spine


Martin Gehrchen | Rigshospitalet, DaneSpine

The Netherlands

Miranda van Hooff | Sint Maartenskliniek
Paul Willems | Maastricht University Medical Center
Wilco Jacobs | Leiden University Medical Center
Wilco Peul | Leiden University Medical Center

United States

Matthew Smuck | Stanford University Medical Center
Thomas Cha | Massachusetts General Hospital
Ajay Wasan | University of Pittsburgh Medical Center
Donna Ohnmeiss | Texas Back Institute
Isador Lieberman | Texas Back Institute
Kevin Foley | University of Tennessee Health
Science Center

Neil Shonnard | Rainier Orthopedic Institute
Safdar Kahn | Ohio State University
Carter Clement | University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Tore Solberg | University Hospital of North Norway


William Yeo | Singapore General Hospital
John Chen | Singapore General Hospital


Peter Fritzell | Ryhov Hospital, SweSpine
Olle Hägg | Spine Center Göteburg, SweSpine
Björn Strömqvist | Lund University, SweSpine

United Kingdom

Jeremy Fairbank | University of Oxford

* Patient representative

These are our measuring partners

Erasmus University Medical Center


Download our Reference Guide

Your first name *

Your last name *

Your email address *

Your organization*

Your professional title

* required

  • Get the Reference Guide

    A complete overview of the ICHOM Standard Set, including definitions for each measure and selected PROM instruments, time points for collection, and associated risk factors is available here:

    Get the flyer

    Conditions covered

    - Lumbar disc herniation
    - Lumbar stenosis
    - Lumbar spondylolisthesis
    - Degenerative scoliosis
    - Adult idiopathic scoliosis
    - Degenerative disc disorder
    - Other degenerative lumbar disorders
    - Mechanical, acute, and chronic lumbar back pain and back-related leg pain (not directly attributable to one of the above conditions)

    Treatment approaches covered

    - Conservative therapy
    - Surgical therapy

    How to Meaure?

    Interested in measuring the ICHOM Standard Set? Click here
Like it?
More sharing options