Low Back Pain

Low Back Pain

The ICHOM Standard Set for Low Back Pain was published in Acta Orthopaedica.


The ICHOM Standard Set for Low Back Pain is the result of hard work by a group of leading physicians, measurement experts and patients. It is our recommendation of the outcomes that matter most to patients with low back pain. We urge all providers around the world to start measuring these outcomes to better understand how to improve the lives of their patients.
Low Back Pain 1 Includes operative mortality, nerve root injury including cauda equina, deep wound infection, pulmonary embolus, wrong site procedure, vascular injury, dural tear, other, and need for rehospitalisation.
2 Tracked via the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI)
3 Tracked via the Numeric Pain Rating Scale (NPRS)
4 Tracked via the EuroQol-5D (EQ-5D)

© 2015 ICHOM. All rights reserved. When using this set of outcomes, or quoting therefrom, in any way, we solely require that you always make a reference to ICHOM as the source so that this organization can continue its work to define more standard outcome sets.

View testimonials from our Working Group members

Team that developed this standard


Beth Morrison | Newro Foundation
Michelle Davies* | St. Paul's School
Richard Kahler | BrizBrain and Spine


Martin Gehrchen | University Hospital of Copenhagen, Rigshospitalet


Miranda van Hooff | Sint Maartenskliniek
Paul Willems | Maastricht University Medical Center
Wilco Jacobs | Leiden University Medical Center
Wilco Peul | Leiden University Medical Center


Tore Solberg | University Hospital of North Norway


William Yeo | Singapore General Hospital
John Chen | Singapore General Hospital


Peter Fritzell | Ryhov Hospital, SweSpine
Olle Hägg | Spine Center Göteburg, SweSpine
Björn Strömqvist | Lund University, SweSpine

United Kingdom

Jeremy Fairbank | University of Oxford

United States

Matthew Smuck | Stanford University Medical Center
Thomas Cha | Massachusetts General Hospital
Ajay Wasan | University of Pittsburgh Medical Center
Donna Ohnmeiss | Texas Back Institute
Isador Lieberman | Texas Back Institute
Kevin Foley | University of Tennessee Health Science Center
Neil Shonnard | Rainier Orthopedic Institute
Safdar Kahn | Ohio State University
Carter Clement | University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

* Patient representative

Reference Guide

A complete overview of the ICHOM Standard Set, including definitions for each measure and selected PROM instruments, time points for collection, and associated risk factors is available here:


Version 2.1: April 14th, 2015

Low Back Pain Reference Guide

1,7 MB

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Low Back Pain Flyer

1,7 MB

How to measure?

Interested in measuring the ICHOM Standard Set? Learn how to measure.

March 2, 2015

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