Personality Disorders

The standard set

The ICHOM Standard Set for Personality Disorders is the result of hard work by a group of leading psychiatrists, psychologists, mental health experts, measurement experts, and lived experience experts. It represents the outcomes that matter most to adults and adolescents with personality disorders. We urge all providers around the world to start measuring these outcomes to better understand how to improve the lives of their service users.

  1. Defined by Emotional Distress/Emotional Pain
  2. Defined by Affective Lability/Emotional Dysregulation
  3. Defined by Self-harm/Self-injury
  4. Defined by Overt Aggression
  5. Defined by Global/Daily Functioning/Disability
  6. Tracked via the Level of Personality Functioning Scale - Brief Form 2.0
  7. Tracked via the Recovering Quality of Life - 10-Item Version
  8. Tracked via the Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale - 16-Item Version
  9. Tracked via the Columbia Suicide Severity Rating Scale - Screener/Recent - Self-Report
  10. Tracked via the Modified Overt Aggression Scale
  11. Tracked via the WHO Disability Assessment Schedule 2.0 - 12-Item Version
  12. Tracked via the KIDSCREEN-10 Index in Adolescent Specialist Services
  13. Tracked via the PROMIS Short Form v2.0 - Social Isolation 4a

For more information on implementing this standard set, please click on the button below:

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To view our launch press release, please click on the button below:


Standard Set materials have moved to ICHOM Connect and are still available free of charge. Please log in or register to gain access to unlimited ICHOM resources at a single click of a button. There, you can also indicate your interest in receiving updates about and implementing the Standard Set.

Available materials:

  • Flyer – a brief overview of the most important outcomes for patients relating to this ICHOM Standard Set.
  • Reference Guide – a complete overview of the ICHOM Standard Set, including definitions for each measure and selected PROM instruments, time points for collection, and associated risk factors.
  • Data Dictionary – an index of the outcomes and case-mix variables included in the standard set, how to code them, and the information you need to collect when implementing the outcomes in practice.
  • Press Release
  • Published Articles
  • Additional materials

Team that developed this standard

Project team

Chair | Mike Crawford | Imperial College London
Research Fellow | Valentina Prevolnik Rupel | Institute for Economic Research
Project Managers | Beth Jagger / Luz Sousa Fialho | ICHOM
Research Associates | Lisa-Marie Chadderton / Timea Gintner | ICHOM


Andrew Chanen | Orygen / The University of Melbourne


Charlotte Delvaux | Te gek!?*
Fieke van Gorp*


Lucie Langford | University of Toronto*


Karla Patricia Pacheco Alvarado | Tecnologico de Monterrey, Escuela de Medicina y Ciencias de la Salud


Anroud Arntz | Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Amsterdam
Jan van Busschbach | Erasmus MC

New Zealand

Brian McKenna | Auckalnd University of Technology


Åse-Line Baltzersen | The Norwegian National Advisory Unit on Personality Psychiatry
Wei Wang | Norwegian University of Science and Technology

United Kingdom

Julia Blazdell | West London Health Trust*
Karen M. Wright | University of Central Lancashire
Marika Cencelli*
Paul Moran | Centre for Academic Mental Health, Department of Population Health Sciences, Bristol Medical School, University of Bristol

United States

Carla Sharp | University of Houston

*Patient representative

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